Jungbunzlauer Glucono-delta-Lactone Food Grade (F5010)

Jungbunzlauer Glucono-delta-Lactone Food Grade (F5010) is a white crystalline powder derived from gluconic acid through crystallization. Upon contact with water, it dissolves completely and gradually hydrolyzes into gluconic acid, lowering the pH. Known for its mild taste, GdL serves as an acidifier in various food categories.

Ingredient Name: Glucono Delta-Lactone

Chemical Name: Glucono Delta Lactone

CAS Number: 90-80-2

Chemical Family: Gluconates

Grade: Food Grade

Ingredient Origin: Fermentation

Synonyms: (3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-Trihydroxy-6-(Hydroxymethyl)Oxan-2-One, (3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-Trihydroxy-6-(Hydroxymethyl)Tetrahydropyran-2-One, (3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-Trihydroxy-6-Methylol-Tetrahydropyran-2-One, (3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-Trihydroxy-6-(Hydroxymethyl)Tetrahydro-2H-Pyran-2-One, 1,5-D-Gluconolactone, 1,5-Gluconolactone, D-Aldonolactone, D-Gluconic Acid Lactone, D-Glucono-1,5-Lactone, D-Threo-Aldono-1,5-Lactone, Delta-D-Gluconolactone, Delta-Gluconolactone, Fujiglucon, GDL, Gluconic Acid Lactone, Gluconic Lactone

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Identification & Functionality

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Physical Form
Soluble In
Fine, white, nearly odourless, crystalline powder
Nearly odorless
Soluble in
Sparingly soluble in
ValueUnitsTest Method / Conditions
Melting Point150 - 154°C-
ValueUnitsTest Method / Conditions
Reducing Substancesmax. 0.5%-
Assay99 - 100.5%-
Water Contentmax. 0.15%-
Chloride Contentmax. 50mg/kg-
Sodium Contentmax. 30mg/kg-
Sulfated Ash Contentmax. 0.1%-
Granulation (at > 0.25 mm)max. 5%-
Granulation (at < 0.075 mm)max. 5%-
Heavy Metals
ValueUnitsTest Method / Conditions
Lead Contentmax. 1mg/kg-

Regulatory & Compliance

Technical Details & Test Data

Technical and Test Details

With storage at room temperature (figure 3) the recovery rates after six months showed the stability of the combinations of encapsulated GdL with KHCO3 to be excellent. Only the combination of the non-coated GdL/KHCO3 showed a significant decrease of CO2 recovery to less than 80%.

Jungbunzlauer Glucono-delta-Lactone Food Grade (F2500) - Technical and Test Details - 1



The curves in figure 6 detail the cumulated CO2 development over time of the baking powder combinations with sodium bicarbonate at 25°C. The benchmark combination SAPP28/NaHCO3 reached a total CO2 development of 15% after 60 min. The non-encapsulated GdL in combination with NaHCO3 reached a total CO2 development of 50% in the first 60 min. For the combination eGdL80%/NaHCO3, the CO2 development remained below the benchmark for the first 17 min and rose to 30% at 60 min. The combination eGdL85%/NaHCO3 showed behaviour more similar to the non-encapsulated GdL and reached a total CO2 development of 47% after 60 min.

Jungbunzlauer Glucono-delta-Lactone Food Grade (F2500) - Technical and Test Details - 1



Achieving the best texture and stability of silken tofu with Glucono-delta-Lactone

Silken tofu was prepared from GdL solutions that were stirred for 1 - 45 minutes. Five batches of silken tofu were produced from every solution and measured for their hardness using a texture analyser. Figure 3 shows the firmest silken tofus were obtained when the GdL solution was stirred for 10 - 30 minutes, whereas shorter or longer times resulted in softer tofu. A similar trend was observed when analysing the breaking strength of these same samples (data available on request).

Jungbunzlauer Glucono-delta-Lactone Food Grade (F2500) - Technical and Test Details - 1



How does Glucono-delta-Lactone perform in comparison to other coagulants?

Calcium sulphate is another well-established coagulant and widely used. Silken tofu was prepared with 0.26% GdL, with 0.4% calcium sulphate or with combinations of both in varying ratios (total coagulant concentration 0.3%). The hardness of the tofu obtained using the single coagulants or the mixtures was analysed (figure 4). GdL produced firmer tofu than calcium sulphate when using soymilk taken from the same batch. This confirms reports by Cheng et al. (2005).  A combination of the two coagulants at a ratio of 50:50 led to increased firmness. This finding suggests that the hardness of silken tofu produced traditionally with calcium sulphate can be enhanced by a partial replacement with GdL.

Jungbunzlauer Glucono-delta-Lactone Food Grade (F2500) - Technical and Test Details - 1


The SAPP types were reproduced by calculating the CO2 release rate of SAPP and the equivalent amount of Jungbunzlauer acids applied. Blends of the Jungbunzlauer acids were produced to achieve CO2 release kinetics matching those of the four types of SAPP (“SAPP match mixes”).

As shown in figure 3, the kinetics of SAPP 28 and 40 were modelled successfully. Two different match mixes were developed for SAPP 28. The match mix with GdL would be the perfect choice in terms of kinetics but is less stable over storage time, whilst a second version with eGdL (S290 T) has minor deviations in kinetics but better storage stability.

Jungbunzlauer Glucono-delta-Lactone Food Grade (F2500) - Technical and Test Details - 1

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